Lung Cancer makes it hard to breath easy. Here is some information from the Mayo Clinic, the American Cancer Society and MedicineNet.com.
Lung cancer is a type of cancer that begins in the lungs. Your lungs are two spongy organs in your chest that take in oxygen when you inhale and release carbon dioxide when you exhale.
Lung cancer is the leading cause of cancer deaths in the United States, among both men and women. Lung cancer claims more lives each year than do colon, prostate, ovarian and breast cancers combined.
People who smoke have the greatest risk of lung cancer. The risk of lung cancer increases with the length of time and number of cigarettes you’ve smoked. If you quit smoking, even after smoking for many years, you can significantly reduce your chances of developing lung cancer.
Many cancer deaths could be prevented by making healthy choices like not smoking, staying at a healthy weight, eating right, keeping active, and getting recommended screening tests. In this section you can learn how to help lower your chances of getting cancer, plus what screening tests the American Cancer Society recommends, and when.
- Lung cancer is the number one cause of cancer deaths in both men and women in the U.S. and worldwide.
- Cigarette smoking is the principal risk factor for development of lung cancer.
- Passive exposure to tobacco smoke also can cause lung cancer.
- The two types of lung cancer, which grow and spread differently, are the small cell lung cancers (SCLC) and non-small cell lung cancers (NSCLC).
- The stage of lung cancer refers to the extent to which the cancer has spread in the body.
- Treatment of lung cancer can involve a combination of surgery, chemotherapy, andradiation therapy as well as newer experimental methods.
- The general prognosis of lung cancer is poor because doctors tend not to find the disease until it is at an advanced stage. Five-year survival is 40%-50% for early stage lung cancer, but only 1%-5% in advanced, inoperable lung cancer.
- Smoking cessation is the most important measure that can prevent the development of lung cancer.